What is DRS in Formula 1, what does it mean and how does it work?

If you’ve become a Formula 1 fan in recent years, you are probably familiar with the term “DRS” – the system that actually allows more overtaking.

After its introduction in 2011, the DRS has become an essential part of the sport. This means Drag reduction system and is an adjustable part of the rear wing which when opened improves speed from 10 to 12 km / h.

It doesn’t sound like much when the cars are already going around 300 km / h, but it can make all the difference along a long straight line.

Drivers are only allowed to use the DRS under certain conditions: the system is only activated after the first two laps of the race and drivers must be within a second of the car in front to activate it. . Drivers can also only use the DRS in certain “areas”, which are usually on straight lines.

If Lewis Hamilton was chasing Max Verstappen, for example, he could only use the DRS once he got within a second of the Red Bull driver.

Along a straight line Hamilton would get an additional speed boost that would not be available to Verstappen as he is the car in front, which would make it considerably easier to execute the pass in a part of the track where pure speed is the most important. only factor.

If another driver, say Lando Norris, was within a second of Hamilton, which was within a second of Verstappen, then both drivers could use the DRS once it was activated.

In the middle of the field, where the cars are usually closer to each other, such scenarios can create what is called a “DRS train” in which the benefits of the system are effectively negated, as it is available for multiple drivers to. that time.

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